Download A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and by Paul Dimeo PDF

By Paul Dimeo

This ebook bargains a brand new heritage of drug use in activity. It argues that the assumption of popping up to augment functionality has now not constantly been the obstacle or ‘evil’ we now imagine it really is. in its place, the late nineteenth century was once a time of a few experimentation and innovation principally unhindered by means of speak of dishonest or wellbeing and fitness hazards. by way of the interwar interval, experiments have been modernised within the new laboratories of workout physiologists. nonetheless there has been little or no feel that this was once opposite to the ethics or spirit of game. activities, medicinal drugs and technological know-how have been heavily associated for over part a century. the second one international War provided the impetus for either elevated use of gear and the emergence of an anti-doping reaction. via the tip of the Fifties a brand new framework of ethics used to be being imposed at the medications query that built doping in hugely emotive phrases as an ‘evil’. along this emerged the technological know-how and procedural forms of checking out. The years as much as 1976 laid the principles for 4 many years of anti-doping. This ebook deals an in depth and demanding figuring out of who was once concerned, what they have been attempting to in achieving, why they set approximately this activity and the context during which they labored. through doing so, it reconsiders the vintage dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up opposed to ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the simplest publication in British activities historical past.

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Additional resources for A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil

Sample text

And yet, scientists played a role in creating publicly available information from which athletes and coaches could derive their ideas. One such example, Professor Peter Karpovich, physiologist at Springfield College and one of the founding members of the American College of Sports Medicine (in 1954), was one of the leading experts on the subject of drugs in The science gets serious 37 sport. He wrote a review article in 1941 for the Research Quarterly for the American Physical Education Association that pulled together the research on ergogenic aids for the benefit of coaches and athletes.

Pottage also saw commercial potential, claiming that the demand for kola ‘will grow more and more as its valuable properties are better known’. He went on, ‘I commend to those of our fellow-countrymen in our colonies and dependencies who desire to open up new sources of traffic, the consideration of how they may meet the increased demand for this product of tropical climates’ (1891: 13). In his book on the subject, the first page was an advertisement of ‘West African Kola Preparations’, including ‘Kola Elixir’, for ‘toning and strengthening the system’.

However he does suggest strongly that sport was far from a level playing field: Almost the whole of modern sport is conducted with artificial aids. The record feats of today are too often not sport, but deadly, earnest business. Either, I say, limit sport to reasonable feats of endurance or else add oxygen to the other artificial aids now employed in breaking records, and so diminish the harm done to the athlete’s body. (New York Times, 4 October 1908) In his analysis of the situation, Hill contends that it is sport itself that places the pressure on the body, and that drugs and other nutritional aids actually serve to protect athletes from that form of pressure.

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