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By Victor J. Danilov

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J. Beal Botanical Garden, Michigan State University, 1873; a Cornell University arboretum that later included gardens and became the Cornell Plantations, 1875; an Ohio State University arboretum (now Chadwick Arboretum and Learning Gardens), 1888; and University of California Botanical Garden at Berkeley, 1890. The first half of the twentieth century resulted in such botanical facilities as the arboretum and botanical gardens that became the Nichols Arboretum and Matthaei Botanical Gardens, University of Michigan, 1907; Intermountain Herbarium (now with over 251,000 specimens), Utah State University, 1921; Red Butte Garden and Arboretum University of Utah, 1930; and the 1880s private Morris Arboretum that became a public facility, University of Pennsylvania, 1933.

It was not until the 1920s and 1930s, however, that many of today’s collegiate galleries began to appear with increasing frequency. They included the Wisconsin Union Art Galleries, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1928; Doris Ulmann Galleries, Berea College, 1935; and Armstrong Gallery (now Luce Gallery), Cornell College, 1937. But the surge in the number of galleries did not come until the 1960s through the 1980s. Art galleries now are the fastest-growing segment of the campus museum/gallery movement.

The largest and most historic collection is the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments at Harvard University, founded in 1949 and containing over 20,000 objects dating back as far as 1450. Other historic science collections include the Monroe Moosnick Medical and Science Museum at Transylvania University and the Oesper Museum of Chemical Apparatus at the University of Cincinnati. Among the interactive science and technology centers are Cranbrook Institute of Science at the Cranbrook Educational Community, 1930; Lawrence Hall of Science, University of California, Berkeley, 1968; Science Discovery Center at Oneonta, State University of New York at Oneonta, 1987; Idea Place, Louisiana Tech University, 1994; East Kentucky Science Center, Big Sandy Community and Technical College, 1994; Da Vinci Science Center, Cedar Crest College, 2003; and University of Arkansas Discovery Zone, 2009.

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